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13th International Conference on Laboratory Medicine & Pathology, will be organized around the theme “Excavating laboratory medicine in the era of automation, digitization and informatics”
Laboratory Medicine 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Laboratory Medicine 2018
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Clinical Hematology or haematology is the division of medicine related to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases associated with blood. Hematology comprises the study of etiology. It involves curing diseases that disturb the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, spleen, blood proteins, haemoglobin, platelets, bone marrow, blood vessels, and the mechanism of coagulation. Such diseases might consist of blood clots, haemophilia, blood cancers such as leukaemia, myeloma, and lymphoma; and other bleeding disorders. The laboratory work related to the study of blood is often accomplished by a medical scientist or medical laboratory technologist. Many of the hematologists work as hematologist-oncologists, also providing medical cure for all sorts of cancer.
A laboratory management system is a software-based laboratory and information management system with features that support a modern laboratory's operations. Laboratory management is responsible for guaranteeing that the job descriptions meet the human resource strategies, laboratory regulations, and accreditations criterions.
Cytogenetics is a subdivision of genetics that is related with the study of the arrangement and function of the cell, specifically the chromosomes. It comprises of routine analysis of G-banded chromosomes, molecular cytogenetics such as comparative genomic hybridization which is the technique for evaluating copy number variations (CNVs) relative to ploidy level in the DNA of a test sample associated to a reference sample, without the requirement of culturing cells; and fluorescent in situ hybridization, and additional cytogenetic banding techniques.
Clinical Coagulation is the procedure by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, creating a blood clot. It potentially consequences in haemostasis, the cessation of blood loss from a damaged vessel, followed by repair. The mechanism of coagulation comprises initiation, adhesion, and accumulation of platelets along with deposition and maturation of fibrin. Ailments of coagulation are disease states which consequences in bleeding i.e. haemorrhage or bruising or obstructive clotting also known as thrombosis. Coagulation is highly conserved throughout biology; in all mammals, coagulation comprises of both a cellular and a protein constituent. The system in humans has been the most comprehensively researched and is the best understood.
The urinalysis is a set of screening tests that can identify some common diseases. It may be used to screen for and/or help analyse conditions such as a urinary tract infections, kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes or other metabolic conditions etc. A urinalysis is consist of several chemical, microscopic and visual examinations used to identify cells, cell fragments and elements such as crystals or casts in the urine allied with the numerous circumstances listed above. It can identify abnormalities that might need follow-up investigation and supplementary testing. Often, elements such as protein or glucose will originate to appear in the urine formerly, people are alert that they may have a problem. In people detected with acute or chronic disorders, such as kidney disease or diabetes, the urinalysis may be used in aggregation with other tests, such as urine albumin, to monitor treatment.
Clinical microbiology is the study of pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. The clinical microbiology as a subdivision of science deals with the interrelation of macro- and microorganisms under normal and pathological conditions. Moreover, in the dynamics of a pathological process with an interpretation for the treatment till the clinical or complete recovery is presented. A clinical microbiologist defines the nature of contagious disease and test the capacity of various antibiotics to inhibit or prevent or kill the isolated microbes.
Diagnostic Laboratory Medicine is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs. It is most often mentioned to as analysis with the medical context being implicit. The information required for diagnosis is characteristically collected from a history and physical examination of the person seeking medical care. A diagnosis, in the sense of diagnostic technique, can be regarded as an attempt at classification of an individual's disorder into isolated and distinct categories that allow medical decisions about cure and prognosis to be made.
An autoimmune disease progresses when the immune system, (which conserves the body against disease) regulates the healthy cells are foreign. As a consequence, the immune system attacks healthy cells. Depending on the category, an autoimmune disease can affect one or many different categories of body tissue. It can also cause abnormal organ development and variations in organ purpose. Autoimmune diseases are chronic situations with no medication. Treatment comprises of attempts to control the procedure of the disease and to decrease the symptoms, specifically during flare-ups.
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is the cell surface proteins, which are vital for the acquired immune system to identify foreign molecules in vertebrates, which in turn concludes histocompatibility. The chief purpose of MHC molecules is to bind to peptide fragments resulting from pathogens and exhibit them on the cell surface for recognition by the suitable T-cells. A MHC molecule enables the interactions of leukocytes, which are also known as white blood cells (WBCs), these are immune cells, with other leukocytes or with body cells. The MHC defines compatibility of contributors for organ transplant, as well as one's vulnerability to an autoimmune disease via cross reacting immunization. In humans, the MHC is also titled as the human leukocyte antigen (HLA).
Blood bank transfusion is usually the process of receiving blood or blood products into one's circulation intravenously. Transfusions are used for several medical situations to substitute lost components of the blood. Early transfusions used whole blood, but contemporary medical practice generally uses only components of the blood, such as red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), platelets, plasma and clotting factors.
While the first transfusions had to be made directly from donor to receiver earlier coagulation, it was discovered that by adding anticoagulant and refrigerating the blood it was likely to store it for some days, thus opening the way for the advancement of blood banks. The first non-direct transfusion was performed with the diluted solution of blood. Later a much less dilute solution was used but both used sodium citrate as an anticoagulant.
Medical Microscopy is the technical arena of using microscopes to view objects and ranges of objects that cannot be seen with the bare eye, objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye. There are three well-known divisions of microscopy- electron, optical and scanning probe microscopy.
Transfusion medicine also termed as transfusiology, is the division of medicine that is related to transfusion of blood and blood components. It comprises of the issues related to blood donation, immunohematology and further laboratory testing, therapeutic apheresis, transfusion practices, stem cell, collections, coagulation, and cellular therapy. Laboratory management and understanding of public and federal regulations associated with blood products is also a huge fragment of the arena.
The practice of pediatric laboratory medicine comprises unique challenges related to expansion, nourishment, development, and diseases throughout different periods of infancy, childhood, and adolescence. Pediatrics laboratory medicine, is the division of medicine that deals with the medical treatment of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit usually varies from birth up to 18 years of age The pediatric laboratory medicine comprises of clinical laboratory scientists, clinical pathologists, and clinicians, including point-of-care testing, analytic factors, age specific reference intervals, pre analytic variables, esoteric laboratory examinations and clinical impact. Although stimulating, pediatric laboratory testing offers many opportunities for enhanced patient care, clinical- and laboratory-based investigation, and education.
Clinical pathology also termed as Clinical analysis or Clinical or Medical Biology, is a medical domain that is associated with the analysis of disease centred on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids, such as urine, blood and tissue homogenates or extracts using the tools of chemistry, hematology, microbiology and molecular pathology. This domain needs a medical residency. Clinical pathology offers biochemical analysis of blood and urine for the determination of electrolyte status, diabetic control, markers of tissue destruction, and a host of other constituents in serum and plasma that specify a patient's degree of health or disease.
Flow cytometry is a laser- or impedance centred, biophysical technology engaged in cell counting, biomarker detection, cell sorting and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a course of fluid and passing them by an electronic detection device. It permits synchronised multi parametric analysis of the physical and chemical features of up to thousands of particles per second.
Flow cytometry is characteristically used in the diagnosis of health ailments, specifically blood cancers, but has various other applications in elementary research, clinical practice and clinical trials. A common dissimilarity is to physically categorize particles based on their properties, so as to disinfect populations of interest.
Antibiotics in Laboratory Medicine have been the defining orientation source on estimating the effectiveness of antibiotic compounds in treating infectious ailments for over 35 years. Antibiotics, also known as antibacterial, are a kind of antimicrobial drug used in the cure and inhibition of bacterial toxicities. They may either kill or hinder the advancement of bacteria. Antibiotics are used to treat or prevent bacterial contaminations, and sometimes protozoan contaminations. Like Metronidazole is effective against a numerous parasitic diseases.
Molecular biology is the branch associated to the molecular origin of biological interactions between biomolecules in the several systems of a cell, including the connections between DNA, RNA and proteins and their biosynthesis, and the regulation of these connections. Molecular biology is the study of molecular underpinnings of the progression of transcription, replication and translation of the genetic material. Molecular Biology is the arena of biology that studies the composition, arrangement and interactions of cellular molecules such as nucleic acids and proteins that carry out the biological processes crucial for the cells functions and maintenance. The specific procedures used in molecular biology are instinctive to the arena but may also be pooled with methods and conceptions regarding genetics and biochemistry, so there is no huge difference made between these disciplines.
Laboratory toxicology is a subdivision of biology, chemistry, and medicine to be more precise, it is a division of pharmacology which is concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. It also studies the destructive properties of chemical, biological and physical agents in biological classifications that establish the scope of destruction in living organisms. The relationship between dosage and its effects on the exposed organism is of high significance in toxicology. Factors that stimulus chemical toxicity comprises of the dosage no matter it is acute or chronic; the route of exposure, the species, age, sex and environment.
Pancreatic disorders comprises of pancreatitis, or inflammation of the pancreas. Problems with the pancreas can lead to numerous health complications. Two forms of pancreatitis are there acute pancreatitis which is a rapid-onset inflammation of the pancreas, most frequently caused by alcoholism or gallstones and chronic pancreatitis is a long-standing inflammation of the pancreas.
Molecular pathology is an evolving branch within pathology which is concentrated in the study and analysis of disease through the investigation of molecules within organs, tissues or bodily fluids. Molecular pathology shares some characteristics of practice with both anatomic pathology as well as clinical pathology, molecular biology, biochemistry, proteomics and genetics, and is sometimes considered as a "crossover" branch. It is multi-disciplinary in nature and focuses chiefly on the sub-microscopic characteristics of disease. A key consideration is that more precise diagnosis is possible when the diagnosis is based on both the morphologic variations in tissues (traditional anatomic pathology) and on molecular testing.