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14th International Conference on Laboratory Medicine & Pathology, will be organized around the theme “Synchronicity With Advancements & Enhancements in Laboratory Medicine”

Laboratorymedicine 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Laboratorymedicine 2019

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A Laboratory Management system is a software-based laboratory and information management system with features that support a modern laboratory's operations. Laboratory management is responsible for guaranteeing that the job descriptions meet the human resource strategies, laboratory regulations, and accreditations criterions.

Laboratory Instrumentation, Analytical lab instruments encompass a wide range of instrumentation whose principle purpose is to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze samples; the chemical makeup of a sample and the quantity of each component within a sample.

Cytogenetics is a subdivision of genetics that is related with the study of the arrangement and function of the cell, specifically the chromosomes. It comprises of routine analysis of G-banded chromosomes, molecular cytogenetics such as comparative genomic hybridization which is the technique for evaluating copy number variations (CNVs) relative to ploidy level in the DNA of a test sample associated to a reference sample, without the requirement of culturing cells; and fluorescent in situ hybridization, and additional cytogenetic banding techniques.

Clinical microbiology is the study of pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, parasites, viruses, and fungi.  The clinical microbiology as a subdivision of science deals with the interrelation of macro- and microorganisms under normal and pathological conditions. Moreover, in the dynamics of a pathological process with an interpretation for the treatment until the clinical or complete recovery is presented. A clinical microbiologist defines the nature of the contagious disease and tests the capacity of various antibiotics to inhibit or prevent or kill the isolated microbes.

Diagnostic Laboratory Medicine is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs. It is most often mentioned to an analysis with the medical context being implicit. The information required for diagnosis is characteristically collected from a history and physical examination of the person seeking medical care. A diagnosis, in the sense of diagnostic technique, can be regarded as an attempt at classification of an individual's disorder into isolated and distinct categories that allow medical decisions about cure and prognosis to be made.

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, parasitology, mycology, and bacteriology.

Medical Microscopy is the technical arena of using microscopes to view objects and ranges of objects that cannot be seen with the bare eye, objects that are not within the resolution range of the normal eye. There are three well-known divisions of microscopy- electron, optical and scanning probe microscopy.

The practice of pediatric laboratory medicine comprises unique challenges related to expansion, nourishment, development, and diseases throughout different periods of infancy, childhood, and adolescence. Pediatrics laboratory medicine, is the division of medicine that deals with the medical treatment of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit usually varies from birth up to 18 years of age The pediatric laboratory medicine comprises of clinical laboratory scientists, clinical pathologists, and clinicians, including point-of-care testing, analytic factors, age-specific reference intervals, pre-analytic variables, esoteric laboratory examinations and clinical impact. Although stimulating, pediatric laboratory testing offers many opportunities for enhanced patient care, clinical- and laboratory-based investigation, and education.

Clinical pathology also termed as Clinical analysis or Clinical or Medical Biology, is a medical domain that is associated with the analysis of disease centered on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids, such as urine, blood and tissue homogenates or extracts using the tools of chemistry, hematology, microbiology and molecular pathology. This domain needs a medical residency. Clinical pathology offers biochemical analysis of blood and urine for the determination of electrolyte status, diabetic control, markers of tissue destruction, and a host of other constituents in serum and plasma that specify a patient's degree of health or disease.

Antibiotics in Laboratory Medicine have been the defining orientation source for estimating the effectiveness of antibiotic compounds in treating infectious ailments for over 35 years. Antibiotics, also known as antibacterial, are a kind of antimicrobial drug used in the cure and inhibition of bacterial toxicities. They may either kill or hinder the advancement of bacteria. Antibiotics are used to treat or prevent bacterial contaminations, and sometimes protozoan contaminations. Like Metronidazole is effective against a numerous parasitic diseases.

Molecular pathology is an evolving branch within pathology which is concentrated in the study and analysis of disease through the investigation of molecules within organs, tissues or bodily fluids. Molecular pathology shares some characteristics of practice with both anatomic pathology as well as clinical pathology, molecular biology, biochemistry, proteomics, and genetics, and is sometimes considered as a "crossover" branch. It is multi-disciplinary in nature and focuses chiefly on the sub-microscopic characteristics of the disease. A key consideration is that more precise diagnosis is possible when the diagnosis is based on both the morphologic variations in tissues (traditional anatomic pathology) and on molecular testing.

Clinical Hematology or hematology is the division of medicine related to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases associated with blood. Hematology comprises the study of etiology. It involves curing diseases that disturb the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, spleen, blood proteins, hemoglobin, platelets, bone marrow, blood vessels, and the mechanism of coagulation. Such diseases might consist of blood clots, hemophilia, blood cancers such as leukemia, myeloma, and lymphoma; and other bleeding disorders. The laboratory work related to the study of blood is often accomplished by a medical scientist or medical laboratory technologist. Many of the hematologists work as hematologist-oncologists, also providing the medical cure for all sorts of cancer.

AI & Robotics in Lab medicine are rapid changes in health care coupled with parallel advances in technology have stimulated the evolution of new approaches for laboratory automation. In particular, the emergence of commercially available laboratory robotic systems and Artificial Intelligence offers promise for streamlining the clinical laboratory. Increasing cost-containment pressures make the application of this technology extremely attractive, and several organizations have begun to systematically integrate robotic devices and artificial intelligence into their laboratory automation schemes. Integration of these technologies, however, presents many challenges for software developers, instrument manufacturers, and laboratory workers. Differing needs across laboratories require flexibility and intelligence in robots, instruments, and control systems. Standardization of mechanical and electronic interfaces will be the key role to making these systems easy to integrate. Systems engineering, aided by simulation modeling and artificial intelligence schemes, will be important to assist in the design of optimal configurations. Software for the overall control of integrated automation will be needed that can be tailored by the laboratory- Nan to fit the requirements of the individual laboratory. Thus, laboratory workers will need to be actively involved in implementing this new wave of laboratory automation, becoming well-versed in computers, electronics, and systems engineering.

Quantitative Techniques basic practical topic covers downstream processing techniques suitable for production-scale protein purification and illustrates how these techniques should be considered for process development. The focus of this session is on the understanding of the techniques and the parameters governing separation. Detailed presentations of the downstream processing techniques used (cross flow filtration & chromatography) are included as well as content covering optimization and purification strategies. Scale-up issues, column maintenance and process hygiene are briefly presented to describe the industrial environment and its principal objectives. Additionally, an overview of analytical techniques used for product identification is presented.

Animal Biotechnology is the use of genetic engineering techniques and molecular biology to genetically engineer the animals for agricultural, pharmaceutical and industrial applications. It is used to produce transgenic animals, therapeutic proteins, clones, diseases resistant offspring and organs by xenotransplantation.

This wonderful topic discusses all issues like genetic engineering, transgenic animals by Recombinant DNA techniques, gene knockout techniques which are used in producing organs for human organ replacement, cloning of animals by SCNT, ethical, environmental, regulatory and animal welfare issues.

The science of the causes and effects of diseases, especially the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue of Animals, Birds, and vet-beings for diagnostic or forensic purposes.

Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physiochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues. Tissue engineering involves the use of a scaffold for the formation of new viable tissue for a medical purpose. While it was once categorized as a sub-field of biomaterials, having grown in scope and importance it can be considered as a field of its own.

What is Tissue Engineering? What tissue engineering is and how it works?

While most definitions of tissue engineering cover a broad range of applications, in practice the term is closely associated with applications that repair or replace portions of or whole tissues (i.e., bone, cartilage,[1] blood vessels, bladder, skin, muscle etc.). Often, the tissues involved require certain mechanical and structural properties for proper functioning. The term has also been applied to efforts to perform specific biochemical functions using cells within an artificially-created support system (e.g. an artificial pancreas, or a bioartificial liver). The term regenerative medicine is often used synonymously with tissue engineering, although those involved in regenerative medicine place more emphasis on the use of stem cells or progenitor cells to produce tissues.

Clinical chemistry (also known as chemical pathology, clinical biochemistry or medical biochemistry) is the area of chemistry that is generally concerned with analysis of bodily fluids for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. It is an applied form of biochemistry (not to be confused with medicinal chemistry, which involves basic research for drug development).

Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during the criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data. As an interdisciplinary field of science, bioinformatics combines biology, computer science, mathematics and statistics to analyze and interpret biological data. Bioinformatics has been used for in silico analyses of biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques.

Biostatistics is the application of statistics to a wide range of topics in biology. It encompasses the design of biological experiments, especially in medicine, pharmacy, agriculture and fishery; the collection, summarization, and analysis of data from those experiments; and the interpretation of, and inference from, the results. A major branch is a medical biostatistics, which is exclusively concerned with medicine and health.

Biochemical Technology, sometimes called biological technology, is the study of chemical processes and technology within and relating to living organisms. Biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life. Biochemistry can be divided in three fields; molecular genetics, protein science and metabolism. Almost all areas of the life sciences, like botany, medicine, and genetics are being uncovered and developed by biochemical methodology, technology and research. Biochemistry focuses on understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells and between cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of tissues, organs, and organism structure and function.

Biological hazards, also known as biohazards, refer to biological substances that pose a threat to the health of living organisms, primarily that of humans. This can include samples of a microorganism, virus or toxin (from a biological source) that can affect human health. It can also include substances harmful to other animals.

Waste management or waste disposal is all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. This includes amongst other things collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation. It also encompasses the legal and regulatory framework that relates to waste management encompassing guidance on recycling.

Histopathology refers to the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of the disease. Specifically, in clinical medicine, histopathology refers to the examination of a biopsy or surgical specimen by a pathologist, after the specimen has been processed and histological sections have been placed onto glass slides. In contrast, cytopathology examines free cells or tissue micro-fragments (as "cell blocks").

Diagnostic Pathology is the Medical diagnosis process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs of pathogen presence. It is most often referred to as diagnosis with the medical context being implicit relatively with pathology. The information required for diagnosis is typically collected from a history and physical examination of the person seeking medical care. Often, one or more diagnostic procedures, such as diagnostic tests, are also done during the process. Sometimes posthumous diagnosis is considered a kind of medical diagnosis.

Advanced Diagnostic Technology is the advancements made in the field of Diagnostic Technology, Medicine/Medical a device or substance used for the analysis or detection of diseases or other medical conditions. A message output by a computer diagnosing an error in a computer program, computer system, or component device, Advancements in Diagnostic Services facilitates the provision of timely, cost-effective, and high quality diagnostic care in safe and secure environments. It includes the clinical services of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Radiology, and Nuclear Medicine.

Physiology is the study of the function of body parts and the body as a whole. Some specializations within each of these sciences follow: Gross (macroscopic) Anatomy is the study of body parts visible to the naked eye, such as the heart or bones.

Cheminformatics (also known as chemoinformatics, cheminformatics, and chemical informatics) is the use of computer and informational techniques applied to a range of problems in the field of chemistry. These in silico techniques are used, for example, in pharmaceutical companies in the process of drug discovery. These methods can also be used in chemical and allied industries in various other forms.

Drug design often referred to as rational drug design or simply rational design, is the inventive process of finding new medications based on the knowledge of a biological target. The drug is most commonly an organic small molecule that activates or inhibits the function of a biomolecule such as a protein, which in turn results in a therapeutic benefit to the patient. In the most basic sense, drug design involves the design of molecules that are complementary in shape and charge to the biomolecular target with which they interact and therefore will bind to it. Drug design frequently but not necessarily relies on computer modeling techniques. This type of modeling is sometimes referred to as computer-aided drug design. Finally, drug design that relies on the knowledge of the three-dimensional structure of the biomolecular target is known as structure-based drug design. In addition to small molecules, biopharmaceuticals and especially therapeutic antibodies are an increasingly important class of drugs and computational methods for improving the affinity, selectivity, and stability of these protein-based therapeutics have also been developed.

Advanced Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of Advancements made in cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent (which almost always involves combinations of drugs), or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms (palliative chemotherapy). Chemotherapy is one of the major categories of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer, which is called medical oncology.

Cancer Biology, it is a field to understand how cancer develops and progresses, researcher’s first need to investigate the biological differences between normal cells and cancer cells. This work focuses on the mechanisms that underlie fundamental processes such as cell growth, the transformation of normal cells to cancer cells, and the spread, or metastasis, of cancer cells.

Knowledge gained from such studies deepens our understanding of cancer and produces insights that could lead to the development of new clinical interventions. For example, studies of cell signaling pathways in normal cells and cancer cells have contributed greatly to our knowledge about the disease, revealing molecular alterations that are shared among different types of cancer and pointing to possible strategies for treatment.

Genetic engineering also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms. New DNA is obtained by both isolating and copying the genetic material of interest using recombinant DNA methods or by artificially synthesizing the DNA. A construct is usually created and used to insert this DNA into the host organism. The first recombinant DNA molecule was made by Paul Berg in 1972 by combining DNA from the monkey virus SV40 with the lambda virus. As well as inserting genes, the process can be used to remove, or "knock out", genes. The new DNA can be inserted randomly, or targeted to a specific part of the genome.

Gene Therapy, In the medicine field, gene therapy (also called human gene transfer) is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid into a patient's cells as a drug to treat disease. The first attempt at modifying human DNA was performed by Martin Cline, but the first successful nuclear gene transfer in humans, approved by the National Institutes of Health, was performed in 1989. The first therapeutic use of gene transfer, as well as the first direct insertion of human DNA into the nuclear genome, was performed by French Anderson in a trial.

Advanced Nursing Practices, Advancements made in nursing practices within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities with a laboratory practitioner, so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and advancement in the quality of patient life. Nurses may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient care, training, and scope of practice. Nurses practice in many specialties with differing levels of prescription authority. Many nurses provide care within the ordering scope of physicians, and this traditional role has shaped the public image of nurses as care providers. However, nurse practitioners are permitted by most jurisdictions to practice independently in a variety of settings. In the postwar period, nurse education has undergone a process of diversification towards advanced and specialized credentials, and many of the traditional regulations and provider roles are changing, emerging and advancing.